Title: Gender and mobility in the light of socio-cultural relations: the example of archaic Campania
Based on the case studies of Pithekoussai and Pontecagnano, the observation of intercultural and economic relations in Campania at the dawn of Greek colonization provides an opportunity to review the definition and social construction of gender within these two communities which were very open to allochthons. This article focuses on mobility phenomena and, in particular, on women’s mobility: is this mobility linked to forms of male mobility? The case of Campania illustrates the need to articulate together various social dimensions, on the level of individuals as much as on the level of social structures and processes, for a better understanding of mobility experiences in the ancient Mediterranean.
Keywords: Pithekoussai, Pontecagnano, mobility, burial practices, gender, material culture.